Lake Cargilligo is the next town encounted on the Kidman Hgy heading east (or west) towards the eastern provinces. Lake Cargelligo is a small town that has strong aboriginal influence. The lake is a catalyst and central focus within the town. The lake was dry during the most recent drought.
Lake Cargelligo is said to be a corruption of the Aboriginal word 'Kartjellakoo' meaning 'he had a coolamon'. A coolamon is a shallow wooden dish. Alternatively it is derived from Wiradhuri and Ngiyambaa 'gajal' for water container with suffix 'lugu' for 'her' or 'hisí.
As its name would suggest, the town of Lake Cargelligo is situated on a lake fed by the Lachlan River through Lake Curlew. The lake was originally named Regent's Lake after the prince regent of England at the time. The lake was the primary water source for the early mining town, and has continued to remain an integral source of water for Lake Cargelligo's inhabitants. These days the lake serves recreational uses.