Lithgow is encounted when traveling from Sydney to Bathurst (or vice versa) Lithgow is also a Blue Mountains town, and as such subject to changeable weather. Lithgow is also a heritage town with lots of old and historic buildings.
The reason for the name is not readily accessed.
The town is the centre of a coal mining district and there are two coal-powered power stations nearby. It is the site of Australia's first commercially-viable steel mill the ruins of which are open for inspection at "Blast Furnace Park".
Former Station Master's Residence (now Caddie's Restaurant), a sandstone cottage designed by John Clifton and built in 1869
· Zig Zag Railway, designed by John Whitton, built by Patrick Higgins
· Ironworks Blast Furnace, Eskbank, 1875 to 1930
· Eskbank House, Bennett Street, built by Thomas Brown in 1842
· Lithgow Valley Pottery Site Kiln, 1875 to 1908
· Methven, Lidsdale Road, a sandstone house built by Andrew Brown in the 1870s