Richmond is the next of the ‘retained identity’ towns. Although a stone’s throw (or the air base runway) from Windsor is a quite separate town. Richmond is an old centre and has lots of heritage charm.
The area was originally explored by British settlers in 1789 and was known by the colonialists as 'Richmond Hill'. This name was given by Governor Phillip, in Honour of Charles Lennox, the third Duke of Richmond who was Master General of Ordnance in the Pitt administration. The local area was the third area to have European settlement in Australia. The first 22 European settlers came to the area in 1794.
The Battle of Richmond Hill took place in May and June 1795 between the Darug people and the European settlers. It is perhaps the first time that the colonial authorities sent in the troopers and expressly stated their intent to 'destroy' the whole local Aboriginal population of an area.
Richmond should be visited when visiting the region of Sydney.