Traveling east and after crossing ‘the plain’ the wheat fields appear and then the silos and then a town. Penong is the eastern edge of the Nullarbor. When you reach Penong the traveler is once again in the traditional ‘town’ environment. I.e. shops, pubs and other services.
The area surrounding Penong was settled by Europeans in the 19th century, the town being established in 1915 with the arrival of the railway. It is characterised by many windmills, which pump water from the Anjutabie water basin.
Penong is located close to Lake McDonnell, which has rich reserves of salt and gypsum. The town is 20km north of Cactus Beach, a popular surfing beach.