Railton is a small town encounted when traveling the Devonport to Cradle Mountain (or vice versa) route. While it is a service centre for the surrounding area - which is characterised by mixed farming and timber - its real raison d'etre is the Goliath Portland Cement Works which exist a short distance outside the town.
The town was marked out in 1853 by the surveyor, J. M. Dooley. The area developed slowly with the first railway line not reaching the town until 1914. It wasn't until 1928, when the Goliath Portland Cement Company took over the small enterprise Tasmanian Cement Pty Ltd, which the town really began to prosper. It has been estimated that the quarry which supplies the raw material for the cement has a total reserve of nearly 120 million tonnes.
This is a particularly attractive area of Tasmania and there are a number of scenic drives around the town. The most popular one being to Sunnyside and Stoodley to the south of Railton. There are a number of walking tracks and the area includes picnic and barbecue facilities.