Neerim South is a town that is in West Gippsland, located in the Shire of Baw Baw. At the 2006 census, Neerim South and the surrounding area had a population of 1,602. The Post Office opened on 1 February 1883.
The town was connected to the Victorian Railways network with the opening of a branch line from the main Gippsland line at Warragul on 18 March 1892, later connecting to Noojee in 1919. The line closed in 1958.
The town's main industry is tourism. It contains art galleries, a working Alpaca farm with an Alpaca product shop, cafés, restaurants, a pub and bed and breakfasts. Until 2008, the bakery still cooked bread in the wood-fired oven built in 1880. The town hosts a Celtic Festival each November. The area has numerous wineries, and is known for its blue cheese.